Painful Urination (Dysuria): Causes of Pain or Burning when Urinating


Painful or burning sensation when passing urine, may be felt right when urine passes out of the body. Or it may be felt inside the body, behind the pubic bone, bladder or prostate. Pain when urinating is a fairly common problems a lot of people experience. Painful urination is often caused by an infection or inflammation somewhere in the urinary tract such as the kidney, ureter, bladder and urethra.

Painful urination is also known as dysuria, which refers to pains, discomfort or burning that can be felt when urinating. When urine comes in contact with internal lesion or sores pains will be felt when passing out urine. It can be a constant irritation or can occur intermittently when irritants are introduced to the external urethral opening (such as during sexual intercourse or when clothing or other objects come in contact with the area). Burning and pains can begin suddenly or gradually grows in intensity over a period of time.

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Common symptoms of painful urination

  • Painful ejaculation
  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating
  • Blood in urine or cloudy urine
  • Fever
  • Pains in the groin or lower abdomen
  • Difficulty emptying your bladder or starting urination
  • Constant urge to urinate.

Differences of painful or burning urination in men and women

The differences between males and females can vary depending on the likelihood of certain condition and how they can affect you. For instance, in females, their genital areas are more delicate than men. Females have shorter urethras (the body opening where urine leaves the body), it is easier for bacteria to enter the bladder, making UTIs more common in women than in men. common STD symptoms like discharge can also be difficult to notice in women than in men.

Causes of painful or burning urination

Non-sexual causes

  1. Urethritis: These happens when there is an inflammation of the urethra.
  2. Allergic reactions: sometime we are allergic to some products like soap, detergents, clothing etc. when they come in contact with your genitals, they can cause a negative reaction to your bodies that can lead to painful urination.
  3. Bladder Stone: These are small masses that can develop in your bladder
  4. Urinary tract infection (UTIs): Occurs when harmful bacteria enter the urinary tract and multiplies. Sometimes this bacterium is sexually transmitted, but not always, thus it is not considered an STD. It is less common in men than in women, painful urination is the main symptoms of UTIs.
  5. Cystitis: This is when inflammation of the bladder that is typically caused by the presence of urinary tract infection (UTIs).
  6. Prostatitis: These has to do with inflammation of the prostate. Chronic and acute prostatitis can occur in men of all ages and can cause very painful burning urination.
  7. Kidney stone: Kidney stones are hard deposits of mineral and salt that forms in the kidney. kidney stone can be very painful and it can cause pain when urinating.
  8. Kidney infection: When there is infection in the kidney this can cause pains when urinating. They are a type of infection that need to be treated immediately to avoid damages.

Other causes can be from certain medication that can cause cystitis or irritation from condom and lubricant.

Sexual causes of painful or burning urination

Causes of painful or burning sensation when urinating that can be transmitted sexually includes;

  • Genital herpes
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Mycoplasma genital Lum
  • Urea plasma
  • Trichomoniasis.

How to prevent painful urination

  • Always stay hydrated, drink at least 3 to 3 liters of water every day to cleanse your system.
  • For women use additional tissue to wipe away urine from the inside of your vagina lips.
  • Modify your diet to eliminate foods and drinks tat can irritate the bladder (such as highly acidic foods, caffeine and alcohol).
  • Avoid using scented laundry detergents and toiletries to reduce risk of irritation.

When to consult your health provider

  • When you have fever
  • Discharge from the vagina or penis
  • Smelly urine with blood or cloudy urine
  • Abdominal pain
  • when your pain is persistent and long lasting.


Painful or burning urination is not always cause as a result of an infection, and it is also not uncommon among issue that people experience. Bacteria infection could be one of the major causes of painful urination especially from urinary tract infection (UTIs). Although there may be other causes, you can check with your health provider.



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